It has been suggested that more useful distinctions to make would be whether a behavioral difference between the sexes is first due to an evolved adaptationthen, if so, whether the adaptation is sexually dimorphic different or sexually monomorphic the same in both sexes.
General Gender pay gap.
Dahomey in the slave-trading era The eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Dahomey Kingdom of West Africa present-day Benin is the only documented case of a large-scale female combat unit that functioned over a long period as part of a standing army.
In the old Chinese story of Mulan, a young woman dresses as younger girl older man man, serves in the army in place of her sickly father, earns distinction, has her gender discovered after the fact, and ultimately returns home to a feminine role.
As Figure 2.
These extend from the exclusively biological "genetic" and "prenatal hormonal" differences between men and women, to "postnatal" features, some of which are social, but others have been shown to result from "post-pubertal hormonal" effects.
Gender difference is merely a construct of society used to enforce the distinctions made between what is assumed to be female and male, and allow for the domination of masculinity over femininity through the attribution of specific gender-related characteristics.
Women do serve in the Israeli forces, and are even drafted though less often than men.